'''Matera''' is a city and a province in the region of Basilicata
, in southern Italy
. It is the capital of the province of Matera
and the capital of Basilicata from 1663 to 1806. The town lies in a small canyon, which has been eroded in the course of years by a small stream, the Gravina (river)|Gravina
Known as "la Città Sotterranea" (the Subterranean City), Matera is well known for its historical center called "Sassi di Matera|Sassi
", considered World Heritage Site
since 1993, along with the Park of the Rupestrian Churches.
On October 17, 2014, Matera was declared Italian host of European Capital of Culture